Branches of Public Law

June 22, 2019 0 By HADDYOUY

The law is divided into two main sections: public law and private law. These two sections are applied within the State (national laws) and common law is in turn divided into general international law and private international law.

And we will talk in this subject about the law and its branches and sections.

Among the most important branches of public law are constitutional law, public finance law, general criminal law, administrative law.

The constitutional law:

Constitutional law is the basic law of the state and consists of a set of rules on which the state is based and whose public authorities (authoritie legislative, executive, and judicial) are governed by law. These principles and legal rules constitute the most important legal data related to governance within the state.

The term constitutional law was first introduced by Louis Philippe Gesot in 1834 in France.

The main function of the Constitution is to preserve the principle of State sovereignty, law and the protection of human rights.

Sources of Constitutional Law:

The source of constitutional legislation is the public authority in the State which has the full power to prohibit and grant any right, as well as the custom from which an unwritten rule of law arises (habits or behavior of individuals within Certain Behavior).

The public finance law:

The Public Finance Law is a prior expectation of the state budget for the next fiscal year as an estimated budget rather than an actual budget.

The general criminal law:

General criminal law is a set of rules and legal texts that define human actions which are considered crimes because they affect the security of the homeland and citizens.

The administrative law:

Administrative law is a set of legal rules governing the general administration in terms of organization, activity and funds, in addition to disputes to which the public administration is party.